More attention, intervention needed to tame crisis air pollution

Part of the challenge to clean the supply of air is to recognize that the world has an air pollution problem. The problem, in fact, is so extensive, the situation has reached crisis proportions. The World Health Organization, besides concluding that 7 million people each year in the world lose a personal fight to hold […]

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NIAAA Fosters Innovation Through Its Small Business Research Program

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) program supports the development and commercialization of innovative tools, technologies, and strategies. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) SBIR/STTR program aims to improve the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment—as well as recovery from—alcohol-related problems. The SBIR/STTR program enhances NIAAA’s research portfolio across […]

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Death in the Shipping Lanes

Greys and whites split the sea,mottled flecks of creamthat simmer in the surf,hinting at the beaststhat lurk beneath.Metallic vessels tower overhead,global fleets of freight and loadthat cut through filtered laneswith wanton ease,striking their unheeded preywith hidden blowsof pride,and gall,and steel.A clumsy chant tostiff remainsthat fall to the floorwithout a sound. Two whale sharks swimming in […]

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A single hormone directs body’s responses to low-protein diet

A single hormone appears to coordinate the lifespan extension produced by a low-protein diet. A new study from Pennington Biomedical Research Center, published in the journal Nature Communications, found that reducing the amount of protein in the diet produced an array of favorable health outcomes, including an extension of lifespan, and that these effects depend on […]

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Satellite images reveal dramatic loss of global wetlands over past two decades

An analysis of over a million satellite images has revealed that 4,000 square kilometres of tidal wetlands have been lost globally over twenty years. Global change and human actions are driving rapid changes to tidal wetlands – tidal marshes, mangroves and tidal flats – worldwide. However, ecosystem restoration and natural processes are playing a part in […]

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Overactive brain circuit causes anorexia in animal model

Anorexia is an eating disorder. People affected are highly concerned about gaining weight and usually severely restrict the amount of food they eat and exercise excessively, which leads to severe weight loss. Anorexia has the highest mortality rate among all psychiatric diseases. “Anorexia has no approved treatment and the underlying cause is unclear,”  said lead […]

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Life’s handedness could have arisen spontaneously on Earth

The way in which chemical systems adapt to an energy source can lead to spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking, according to new findings from researchers in South Korea. The discovery could help explain the origins of biological homochirality – the phenomenon where many biomolecules exist solely as one enantiomer in nature. Compounds like amino acids and […]

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Astronomers snap first-ever image of supermassive black hole Sagittarius A*

Black holes are invisible by nature. Their pull is inescapable, forever trapping any light that falls into their gravitational abyss. But just beyond a black hole’s point of no return, light persists, and its patterns, like a photo negative, can reveal a black hole’s lurking presence. Now an international team of astronomers, including researchers at […]

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